Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a recurring, non-infectious inflammatory skin condition that is most common among people with a family history of an atopic disorder including asthma, and hay fever. In atopic eczema the skin becomes red, dry, itchy and scaly and may weep, bleed, or crust over in severe cases, and can even become infected. Eczema can affect people of all ages but normally appears in early childhood and resolves at around age six. Most children will grow out of eczema, but a small percentage may experience severe eczema into adulthood.
Head lice are a very common problem for kids returning to school, especially in kindergarten and childcare where children are in close physical contact with each other. Lice are not a sign of poor hygiene, and they don’t jump, they crawl from head to head. The lice feed on blood from the scalp, lay eggs called nits that hatch within 1 to 2 weeks. The most important factor in eradicating head lice is to break the life cycle, this means treating weekly for 3 weeks, or according to the directions of the product you are using. Because the eggs can hatch every 6-7 days it is necessary to repeat the treatment on day 7 and 14 to break the cycle and kill any newly hatched lice.
Hand foot and mouth disease is a common childhood illness that causes a fever along with blisters or sores inside the mouth and on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. It is caused by a variety of viruses called enteroviruses. Hand foot and mouth is not a serious illness although it can cause a great deal of discomfort and goes away on its own in a week to ten days.